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(1) Chemicals and Corporate Identity
- Chemical Name: 4-toluene sulfonyl chloride; p-toluene sulfonyl chloride
- Molecular formula: C7H7ClO2S
- Relative molecular weight: 190.64
(2) Ingredient/Composition Information
- Ingredients: pure product
- CAS No：98-59-9
(3) Hazards Overview
- Hazardous Category: Class 6.1 Poisons
- Route of invasion: inhalation, ingestion
- Health Hazards: This product is irritating to the skin and mucous membranes and causes delayed deep herpes and allergic reactions. Prolonged exposure causes headache, moet feeling, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pressure and gastroenteritis.
- Environmental Hazards: Harmful to the Environment
- Explosion hazard: Flammable, its vapors mix with air to form explosive mixtures.
(4) First aid measures
- Skin Contact: Remove contaminated clothing immediately and rinse skin thoroughly with soap and water. If discomfort occurs, seek medical attention.
- Eye Contact: Lift eyelids and rinse with running water or saline. If discomfort occurs, seek medical attention.
- Inhalation: Remove from scene quickly to fresh air. Keep airway clear. If respiratory or cardiac arrest occurs, perform CPR immediately and seek medical attention.
- Ingestion: Drink water, do not induce vomiting. Give milk or egg whites. Seek medical attention.
(5) Fire Fighting Measures
- Hazardous characteristics: Flammable in open flame and high heat. Toxic gases are emitted by high heat decomposition. Chemical reactions can occur in contact with strong oxidizers.
- Hazardous combustion products: carbon monoxide, sulfur oxide, hydrogen chloride.
- Fire extinguishing method: dry powder, carbon dioxide, sand.
- Fire extinguishing precautions and measures: Firefighters must wear full body acid and alkali resistant firefighting suits and wear air breathing apparatus to extinguish fires. As far as possible, move the container from the fire scene to an open area. Spray water to keep the container cool until the fire is extinguished. Do not use water, foam or acid/alkaline agents to extinguish fires.
(6) Spill response
- Emergency Actions: Quarantine spill contaminated area and restrict access. Eliminate all ignition sources. It is recommended that emergency responders wear dust masks, hazmat suits, and rubber gloves. All equipment used in the operation should be grounded. Do not touch or cross spills. Disconnect the source of the spill whenever possible. Cover spills with plastic sheeting to reduce dispersion. Do not allow water to enter the container. Collect spills with a clean scoop, place in a clean, dry container with a loose lid, and move the container away from the spill area.
(7) Handling disposal and storage
- Operating Precautions: Sealed operation, providing adequate local exhaust ventilation. Operators must be specially trained to strictly follow the operating procedures. It is recommended that operators wear self-absorbing filtered dust masks, chemical safety glasses, anti-toxic permeation overalls, and rubber gloves. Keep away from fire and heat sources. Smoking is strictly prohibited in the workplace. Use explosion-proof ventilation systems and equipment. Avoid generating dust. Avoid contact with oxidizers and alkalis. Load and unload gently to prevent damage to packaging and containers. Have the appropriate variety and quantity of fire-fighting equipment and spill response equipment. Emptying the container may leave harmful residues.
- Storage Note: Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat sources. Package must be sealed and not exposed to moisture. Should be stored separately from oxidizers, alkalis, edible chemicals, do not mix storage. Equipped with corresponding varieties and quantities of fire-fighting equipment. The storage area should be equipped with suitable shelter materials.
(8) Exposure control/individual protection
- Monitoring methods: No data available
- Engineering Controls: Tightly sealed to provide adequate local exhaust ventilation. Provide safety showers and eyewash facilities.
- Respiratory protection: Wear a filtered dust respirator when you may be exposed to its dust. An air respirator should be worn during emergencies or evacuations.
- Eye protection: Wear chemical safety glasses.
- Physical protection: Wear protective clothing against toxic penetration.
- Hand protection: Wear rubber gloves.
- Other protection: Shower and change clothes after work. Store toxic-contaminated clothes separately and wash them for later use. Maintain good hygiene practices.
(9) Physicochemical properties
- Appearance and properties: White rhombic crystal with irritating and foul odor.
- pH: No data available.
- Melting point (℃): 67～71
- Boiling point (℃): 145-146 (2.0 kpa)
- Relative density (water=1): 1.33
- Relative vapor density (air=1): not available
- Saturated vapor pressure (kPa):0.13 (88°C)
- Heat of combustion (kJ/mol).
- Critical pressure (MPa): no data
- Octanol/water partition coefficient: 3.49
- Flash point (°C): 110
- Ignition temperature (℃): no data
- Lower Explosion Limit (%): no data
- Upper Explosion Limit (%): no data
- Solubility: Insoluble in water, easily soluble in ethanol, ether, benzene.
- Main Uses: Used in organic synthesis, manufacture of dyes, saccharin, etc.
(10) Stability and Reactivity
- Stability: Stable
- Prohibited Compounds: Strong oxidizers, strong alkalis.
- Conditions to be avoided: humid air, exposure to heat.
- Hazards of polymerization: Non-polymerization
- Decomposition products: sulfur oxide, hydrogen chloride
(11) Toxicological information
- Acute Toxicity:
- Irritation: no data available
(12) Ecological data
- Nature of Waste: Hazardous Waste
- Disposal method: Incineration is recommended. It is mixed with fuel and incinerated. Incinerator exhaust gases are removed by scrubbers.
- Disposal Precautions: Consult national and local regulations before disposal.
(14) Transportation Information
- Dangerous Goods Number: 61687
- UN Number:
- Packaging Category: Ⅲ Packaging
- Package label: with drugs; flammable liquids
- Packing Method: Full-opening or middle-opening steel drums outside plastic bags or two-layer kraft paper bags; fiberboard drums, plywood drums, cardboard drums outside plastic bags or two-layer kraft paper bags; ordinary wooden boxes outside plastic bags; ordinary wooden boxes outside threaded glass bottles, iron lid crimped glass bottles, plastic bottles or metal drums (cans); full-bottom lattice boxes, fiberboard boxes or plywood boxes outside threaded glass bottles, plastic bottles or tinned steel drums (cans).
- Precautions for transportation: Check whether the container is complete and sealed before transportation, and make sure that the container does not leak, collapse, fall or be damaged during transportation. It is strictly forbidden to mix with acids, oxidizers, food and food additives. The transport vehicle should be equipped with the appropriate varieties and quantities of fire-fighting equipment and emergency response equipment for leaks during transportation. The transport should be protected from exposure, rain, and high temperature.
(15) Regulatory information
- Work Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China (Adopted at the 28th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People’s Congress on June 29, 2002); Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases (Adopted at the 24th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People’s Congress on October 27, 2001); Law of the People’s Republic of China on Environmental Protection (Adopted at the 11th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People’s Congress on December 26, 1989) Regulations on Safety Management of Dangerous Chemicals (adopted at the 52nd Standing Meeting of the State Council on January 9, 2002); Regulations on Safety Production License (adopted at the 34th Standing Meeting of the State Council on January 7, 2004); Classification and Labelling of Commonly Used Dangerous Chemicals (GB 13690-92); Limits of Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Factors in the Workplace (GBZ 2.1-2007). ); Hazardous Chemicals List